Because substance abuse so greatly increases the risk of suicide, one of the most critical steps in suicide prevention is overcoming any addictions and getting sober.

Fig. 1.1: A pictorial view of a Substance Abuse suicidal scene (source:Helpguide.org)

Substance abuse may be drug abuse or alcohol abuse, and each abuse has an effect on the psychology of an individual. An addict develops short-term judgments, which are most times detrimental to their health. Short term judgment includes suicidal thought and other violent activities, which affects the individual physically and emotionally, as well as affects the people around such an individual. Critical steps in suicide prevention will alleviate the depression and related mental health symptoms of the individual who is experiencing suicidal thoughts, and improve their short-term judgment. It will also allow mental health professionals to more accurately assess and diagnose any underlying mental health concerns so that they can be properly treated.

Overcoming substance abuse and tendencies depends solely on the individual, as a firm acclamation by the individual to recover from this menace is the first approach to overcoming substance abuse and tendencies. Aside from the proclamation by the individual, psychotherapies, and medications are required to ensure complete healing of the brain and body to avoid suicidal thoughts.

  1. Psychotherapies:

Multiple types of psychosocial interventions have been found to be beneficial for individuals who have attempted suicide. One type of psychotherapy is called Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT). CBT can help people learn new ways of dealing with stressful experiences through training. Similarly, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT), a type of therapy developed to help people with borderline personality disorder, also can reduce suicidality. DBT uses mindfulness and other coping skills to decrease impulsive and destructive urges that can lead to suicide attempts.

  1. Medication:

Some individuals at risk for suicide might benefit from medication. Doctors and patients can work together to find the best medication or medication combination, as well as the right dose. Certain medications have been shown to reduce the risk of suicide. Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid), a mood-stabilizing medication used for bipolar disorder or major depression, has been shown to decrease suicides associated with depression. Similarly, clozapine (Clozaril, FazaClo), an antipsychotic medication, can reduce the risk of suicide in people with schizophrenia.

In conclusion, suicidal thoughts which are mostly generated, but, substance abuse treatment programs can help overcome by self-proclaiming the zeal to undergo recovery process, participating in therapies as well as using appropriate medications.

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